Infertility surgery is a type of surgery that is performed to help couples who are unable to conceive naturally. There are many different types of infertility surgery, and the type of surgery that is performed will vary depending on the cause of the infertility.
Some of the most common types of infertility surgery include:
- Laparoscopy: This is a minimally invasive surgery that is performed through small incisions in the abdomen. Laparoscopy can be used to diagnose and treat a variety of fertility problems, including endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, and large fluid-filled fallopian tubes (hydrosalpinx).
- Hysteroscopy: This is a minimally invasive surgery that involves placing a camera through the cervix into the uterus. Hysteroscopy can be used to diagnose and abnormalities within the uterus, including polyps, fibroids, uterine septum, and scar tissue.
- Varicocele repair: This is surgery to repair a varicocele, dilated veins surrounding the testes in the scrotum. Varicoceles can cause infertility by raising the temperature around the sperm. Varicocele repair may improve fertility in some men. This is done by our Urology colleagues.
- TESE: Testicular sperm extraction is a procedure to remove sperm from the testes as opposed to using sperm from an ejaculate. This can increase fertilization and embryo development rates for men with a history of vasectomy, couples with recurrent pregnancy loss or recurrent implantation failure, or for men with high DNA fragmentation testing.
Infertility surgery is a safe and effective treatment for some people who are having trouble getting pregnant. However, like any surgery, there are risks associated with infertility surgery. These risks include infection, bleeding, and complications related to anesthesia. The success rate of infertility surgeries depend on the type of surgery and the cause of infertility.
If you are considering infertility surgery, we would be happy to help you determine if surgery is right for you and can help you choose the best type of surgery for your individual needs. Contact us today to learn more.